Choline chloride is used as an important feed additive in animal species, especially chickens. Significant volumes of this compound are used in feed for poultry, swine, ruminant, aqua, pet, and horse. ... Choline chloride is sometimes used as a supplement in human nutrition
Toxin Binders. Bentoli's toxin binders are stable at a wide pH range for effective mycotoxin binding throughout the gut when added to livestock feed. The toxin binders are made up of selected silicates, or yeast cell wall components, or both organic acids and surfactants.
Toxin binder designed to bind the toxins in feed and protect the animals from their ill effects. Feed raw material and finished feeds are inevitably contaminated with wide range of moulds and mycotoxins resulting in reduction of quality and palatability of feed.
The mycotoxins of greatest concern to dairy cattle include ergots produced in small grains, fescue, and other grass; aflatoxin, which is generally produced by Aspergillus mold; deoxynivalenol, zearalenone, T-2 toxin, and fumonisin, which are produced by Fusarium molds; and ochratoxin, PR toxin, mycophenolic acid
[Ulcer, dermal (treatment)]—Topical chlortetracycline and tetracycline hydrochloride ointment are used in the prophylaxis of minor bacterial skin infections and in the treatment of dermal ulcer. —Not all species or strains of a particular organism may be susceptible to tetracyclines
Chlortetracycline is a tetracycline antibiotic, the first tetracycline to be identified. It was discovered in 1945 by Benjamin Minge Duggar working at Lederle Laboratories under the supervision of Yellapragada Subbarow. Duggar identified the antibiotic as the product of an actinomycete he cultured from a soil sample collected from Sanborn Field at the University of Missouri. The organism was named Streptom
Side effects of Chlortetracycline in animals areLoss of appetite,VomitingDiarrhea.Tooth discoloration.Delayed bone growth and healing.Damage to the liver or kidneys.Sensitivity to light.Abnormal blood conditions.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts. Enzymes accelerate chemical reactions. The molecules upon which enzymes may act are called substrates and the enzyme converts the substrates into different molecules known as products.
Protease enzymes are the newest technology on the block, with animal or vegetable protein as their substrate. They break down anti-nutritional factors associated with various proteins. Proteases improve the digestion of proteins and increase amino acid availability, which helps release valuable nutrients